The benefits and harms of chewing gum

7 interesting facts

Since ancient times, people have chewed something: the ancient Greeks-mastic resin, the Mayans-rubber, the Siberians — larch resin, and in India-a mixture of aromatic leaves. All these "chewing gum" gave the breath aroma and freshness, eliminated unpleasant odors, cleaned teeth, massaged gums, and just left a pleasant taste in the mouth. After the discovery of America, chewing tobacco appeared in Europe, which became very widespread.

But this is all backstory. And the history of chewing gum began on September 23, 1848, when the world's first factory for its production appeared. The founder of the factory, John Curtis, made a chewing mixture from the resin of coniferous trees with the addition of flavorings. But the first attempt to make chewing gum on an industrial scale was not successful. Nevertheless, it is from the foundation of the factory that the history of chewing gum begins.

On June 5, 1869, an Ohio dentist patented his chewing gum recipe. And in 1871, Thomas Adams received a patent for the invention of a machine for the production of gum. It is at his factory that in 17 years the famous "Tutti-frutti" — the gum that conquered all of America-will be released.

Since then, chewing gum has undergone many metamorphoses: it changed colors and tastes, was produced in the form of balls, cubes, butterflies, etc. and took a very important place in the life of young people in the second half of the XX century, and remains very popular today.

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7 facts about chewing gum

  • Chewing gum helps you lose weight. American scientists have found that the process of losing weight contributes to the use of chewing gum — it accelerates the metabolism by as much as 19 %. Also, chewing gum helps to reduce appetite — chewing stimulates the nerve endings that transmit a signal to the brain area responsible for satiety.
  • Chewing gum affects memory. There is an active debate about the effect of chewing gum on memory. So, psychologists from England found that chewing gum worsens short-term memory, which is needed for momentary orientation. A person can quickly forget the price of the product that he just held in his hands, or lose the keys in the apartment. According to scientists, it is adversely affected by any monotonous unconscious movement, that is, a person becomes more distracted. But scientists from the University of Newcastle (USA) believe that chewing increases the activity of the memory-related parts of the brain, increases the production of insulin and heart rate, which means that a person thinks much better. Japanese researchers came to the same conclusion. During their experiment, the chewing process reduced the time it took the subjects to complete the tasks, the chewers coped with them 10 % faster than those who did not chew gum.
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Chewing gum is useful

During chewing, salivation increases, which helps to clean the teeth, and there is also a massage of the gums, which to some extent is the prevention of periodontal disease.

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You can chew the gum for no more than 5 minutes and only after eating.

These are the recommendations of specialists. If you chew gum for longer, it will lead to the release of gastric juice into an empty stomach, which contributes to the development of stomach ulcers and gastritis.

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Chewing gum is not a substitute for brushing your teeth.

Dentists are sure that you can not replace a full-fledged brushing of teeth with chewing gum. And even if there is no toothbrush at hand, it is better to replace it with water, rinsing your mouth.

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Chewing gum does not protect against tooth decay.

Caries does not appear on the chewing surfaces, but on the interdental ones, so there is no benefit from chewing gum for the prevention of this disease.

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Chewing gum is bad for your teeth.

It destroys fillings, crowns, and bridges. The destruction has both a mechanical effect on the teeth and a chemical one — saliva, which is formed during chewing, contributes to the formation of alkali, which corrodes the fillings.

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Chewable marmalade

A sweet and healthy substitute for chewing gum is chewing marmalade. It is easy to prepare it yourself, and if you use molds or cut out figures from it, then this marmalade can distract the child from chewing gums in bright wrappers.

To prepare chewable marmalade, you will need fruits (apples, pears), sugar, water, vegetable or olive oil. You need to peel the fruit, turn it into a puree, cook it with sugar and water. When this mass cools and caramelizes, lubricate a wooden board with vegetable oil and put fruit puree on it, cover it with cheesecloth. In the summer, this mass can be put where the sun's rays fall. After a while, cut it into plates.